11.4 References

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory

Laboratory standard operating procedures found in Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals (National Research Council, 2011) are adopted for general use at the University of Minnesota.

The American Chemical Society's "Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories"    

ACS's "Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories" is another useful text. This manual presents information similar to that found in Prudent Practices, but in a considerably condensed format.


  1. Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents – James Reason, 1997
  2. Driving Toward "0", Best Practices in Corporate Safety and Health – The Conference Board, 2003
  3. Managing the Unexpected – Assuring High Performance in an Age of Complexity – Karl Weick, Kathleen M. Sutcliffe, 2001
  4. OSHA Voluntary Protection Program Description, Occupational Health and Safety Management System - American National Standards Institute, 2012
  5. Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research, National Research Council, 2014
  6. BS OHSAS 18001 Health and Safety Management System – The British Standards Institution, 2007
  7. Safety Management System and Safety Culture Working Group – Dutch National Aerospace Laboratory, 2009
  8. OSHA Safety and Health Program Management Guidelines, Federal Register 54:3904-3916, 1989
  9. Whack-a-Mole: The Price We Pay For Expecting Perfection, David Marx, Outcome Engineering, 2009
  10. Patient Safety and the "Just Culture": A Primer for Health Care Executives, David Marx, 2001
  11. Performance Management, 4th Edition, Aubrey Daniels, 2004
  12. University Health and Safety Management, Universities and Colleges Employers Association UK, 2001
  13. To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System – Institutes of Medicine, 2000

Dow Lab Safety Academy Free Online Modules

Safe Science: Promoting a Culture of Safety in Academic Chemical Research

PubChem: Laboratory Chemical Safety Summaries

Cameo Chemicals Compatibility Database

The Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) report, A Guide to Implementing Safety Culture in Our Universities

ACS CCS Task Force report on "Creating Safety Culture in Academic Institutions."

C&EN Safety Blog

US CSB Video Experimenting with Danger 

ACS Guidelines for Chemical Laboratory Safety in Academic Institutions 

Laboratory Safety for Chemistry Students, by Robert H. Hill and David C.Finster (online edition available through UMN library) 

Laboratory Safety Attitudes and Practices: A Comparison of Academic, Government, and Industry Researchers NewI. Schröder, D.Y.Q. Huang, O. Ellis, J.H. Gibson, N.L. Wayne, 2016, J Chem Health and Safety; 23:12-23.This article highlights the important role of faculty or lab supervisors in preventing accidents when they are actively involved in monitoring safety procedures and behaviour in their lab.

Nature: Safety Survey Reveals Lab Risks